What are the archaeological methods
Besides oral history, field surveys are another common method to determine where excavations should be done.
Surveying is done through the use of evidence, sampling, GPS, transects, and other techniques, to determine where archaeological research should be done..
What are the types of Archaeology
There are several different kinds of archaeology: prehistoric, historic, classical, and underwater, to name a few. These often overlap. For example, when archaeologists studied the wreck of the Civil War ironclad, the Monitor, they were doing both historic and underwater archaeology.
What is low level theory
Term. Low-level theories. Definition. • observations and interpretations from hands-on field and lab work.
What is Archaeology in simple words
Archaeology is the study of the ancient and recent human past through material remains. … Archaeology analyzes the physical remains of the past in pursuit of a broad and comprehensive understanding of human culture.
What is the importance of archaeological sites
What are archaeological sites and why are they important? Archaeological sites on the public lands throughout North America provide solid evidence of a story spanning thousands of years. An archaeological site is a vault filled with historical and cultural artifacts with valuable information.
What are the three main theoretical approaches in Archaeology
Archaeological theory consists of three great realms, each of which is made up of one or more domains. The three realms are social theory, reconstruction theory, and methodological theory.
Why did Franz Boas argue for historical particularism
Franz Boas and his students developed historical particularism early in the twentieth century. … Boas believed that there were universal laws that could be derived from the comparative study of cultures; however, he thought that the ethnographic database was not yet robust enough for us to identify those laws.
What are the three levels of archaeological explanation
Three overarching realms of theory can be recognized, each consisting of one or more functionally defined domains: social theory, reconstruction theory (the domains are material-culture dynamics and cultural and noncultural formation processes of the archaeological record), and methodological theory (the domains are …
What was the theory of traditional Archaeology
Traditional archaeology, also known as Cultural-Historical archaeology, involved the analyzing of data apart from the context from which artifacts are drawn, due to the artifact’s separation from the context or seriation in which it lay.
What is archaeological perspective
Archaeological Perspectives and Anthropology: A story about shoes. Artifacts elicit emotional responses in people. … A central concern of anthropologists is the application of knowledge to the solution of human problems”. An anthropological subfield, archaeology studies human cultures through their material remains.
What is Processual theory
Processual archaeology (formerly, the New Archaeology) is a form of archaeological theory that had its genesis in 1958 with the work of Gordon Willey and Philip Phillips, Method and Theory in American Archaeology, in which the pair stated that “American archaeology is anthropology or it is nothing” (Willey and Phillips …
What is the meaning of archeology
Archaeology or archeology is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. … The archaeological record consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts and cultural landscapes. Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities.
What is the difference between Processual and Postprocessual Archaeology
In brief, processual archaeology strictly used the scientific method to identify the environmental factors that influenced past human behaviors. … The post-processualists rejected the deterministic arguments and logical positivist methods as being too limited to encompass the wide variety of human motivations.
What are the theoretical approaches in Archaeology
Much contemporary archaeology is influenced by neo-Darwinian evolutionary thought, phenomenology, postmodernism, agency theory, cognitive science, functionalism, gender-based and Feminist archaeology and Systems theory.